Annual Report 2017
Notes to the
31 march 2017
Significant accounting policies (cont’d.)
2.3 Summary of significant accounting policies (cont’d.)
Income tax (cont’d.)
Deferred tax (cont’d.)
Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences, carry forward of unused tax
credits and unused tax losses, to the extent that it is probable that taxable profit will be available against
which the deductible temporary differences, and the carry forward of unused tax credits and unused tax
losses can be utilised except:
where the deferred tax asset relating to the deductible temporary difference arises from the initial
recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction that is not a business combination and, at the time of
the transaction, affects neither the accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss; and
in respect of deductible temporary differences associated with investments in subsidiary companies,
associated companies and interests in joint ventures, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the
extent that it is probable that the temporary differences will reverse in the foreseeable future and
taxable profit will be available against which the temporary differences can be utilised.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent
that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profit will be available to allow all or part of the deferred
tax asset to be utilised. Unrecognised deferred tax assets are reassessed at each reporting date and are
recognised to the extent that it has become probable that future taxable profit will allow the deferred tax
assets to be utilised.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply to the year when
the asset is realised or the liability is settled, based on tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or
substantively enacted at the reporting date.
Deferred tax relating to items recognised outside profit or loss is recognised outside profit or loss. Deferred
tax items are recognised in correlation to the underlying transaction either in other comprehensive income
or directly in equity and deferred tax arising from a business combination is adjusted against goodwill on
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current
tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same
Provisions for liabilities
Provisions are recognised when the Group has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past
event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the
obligations and the amount of the obligation can be estimated reliably.
Provisions are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate. If it is no longer
probable that an outflow of economic resources will be required to settle the obligation, the provision is reversed. If
the effect of the time value of money is material, provisions are discounted using a current pre tax rate that reflects,
where appropriate, the risks specific to the liability. When discounting is used, the increase in the provision due to
the passage of time is recognised as a finance cost.